Verbal Reasoning

  • Coding-Decoding
  • Analogy
  • Classification
  • Alphabet Test
  • Word Formation
  • Sitting Arrangement
  • Direction Sense Test
  • Number Ranking And Time Sequence Test
  • Puzzles
  • Number Series
  • Inserting the missing Character

Reasoning Classification

‘Classification’ means ‘to assort the items of a given group on the basis of certain common quality they possess and then spot the stranger out’. In this test, you are given a group of certain items, out of which all except one are similar to one another in some manner. The candidate is required to choose this one item which does not fit into the given group.

5 types of question Can Be Asked In Exam

Type 1 :- Chossing the odd Word

Direction: Choose the word which is least Like the other word in the group 

1. (a) Curd  (b) Butter  (c) Oil     (d) Cheese    (e) Cream

       Sol. Here, all except Oil are products obtained from milk. Hence, the answer is (c).

2. (a) Rose   (b) Lotus    (c) Marigold    (d) Lily    (e) Tylip

    Sol. Here, all except Lotus are flowers, which grow on land while lotus is a water flovyer. Hence,      the answer is 

3. (a) Pistol  (b) Sword  (c) Gun  (d) Rifle  (e) Cannon

         Sol. Here, all except Swoid are fire arms. Hence, the answer is (b).

4. (a) Cathedral (b) Mosque  (c) Church   (d) Monastery (e) Temple

          Sol. All except Monastery are places of worship, while monaster* is a place where monks                        stay.    Hence, the answer is (d).

 5. (a) Book   (b) Paper  (c) Pencil   (d) Pen   (e) Sharpener

           Sol. Here, all except Book are stationery items.

                  Hence, the answer is (a).

6. (a) Geometry   (6) Algebra   (c) Trigonometry .   (d) Mathematics   (e) Arithmetic

         Sol. Here, all except Mathematics are branches of Mathematics. 

               Hence, the answer is (d)

Type 2: Choosing the odd pair of group

 

 examples:

Ex. 1. (a) Blacksmith : Anvil                     (b) Carpenter : Saw      (c) Barber : Scissor

          (d) Goldsmith : Ornaments           (e) Sculptor : Chisel

           Sol. Clearly, the answer is (d). In all other pairs, second is the tool used by the first.

       2. (a) Painter : Gallery                        (b) Actor : Stage                     (c) Mason : Wall

          (d) Farmer : Field                             (e) Worker : Factory

         Sol. Clearly, the answer is (c). In all other pairs, second is the place where the first works.

       3. (a) Cow : Calf                                  (b) Dog : Bitch                         (c) Lion : Cub

           (d) Tortoise : Turtle                       (e) Insect : Larva

           Sol. Clearly, the answer is  (b). In all other pairs, second is the young one of the first while in                    (b), second is the female of the first.

       4. (a) Volume : Litre   (b)   Resistance : Ohm      (c ) Time : Seconds          (d) Length : Metre

            (e) Pressure : Barometer

           Sol. Clearly, the answer is (e). In all other pairs, second is the unit to measure the

                first. On the other hand, barometer is an instrument.

   

Type 3: Choosing the odd numeral

Ex. Sailors : Crew [a group of sailor is called crew]

other examples:

1. (a) 43             (b) 53                    (c) 63             (d)10   . (a) 51 (b) 26

(6) 144 <c)24

(c) 64 (d)

4. (6) 21 (c) 24 (d)

(a)

15

73

21

(d) 121

28

(e) 83

(Bank P.O. 1996)

(e) 18

(e) 256

(B.8.RJ*. 1995)

(e) 30 

4. Animal and Young one :

Ex. Cow  : Calf [Calf is young one of cow ]

other examples:

  • Dog : Puppy
  • hen : Chicken
  • Cat : Kitten
  • Horse : Pony 
  • Butterfly : Caterpillar 
  • Duck : Duckling 
  • inspect : Larva
  • Man : Child 

5. Male and Female :

Ex. Horse  : Mare [Mare is female of horse ]

other examples:

  • Dog : Bitch
  • stag : doe 
  • son : Daughter
  • Lion : Lioness
  • Drone : Bee
  • Tiger : Tigress

6. Indvidual and class :

Ex. Lizard  : Reptile [lizard belong to the class of reptile ]

other examples:

  •  Man : Bird
  • ostrich : Bird 
  • Snake : Reptile 
  • Rat :rodent 
  • Whale : mammal 
  • Butterfly insect

7. Individual and Dwelling Place :

Ex. Dog : Kennel [A dogs Live In Kennel ]

other examples:

  •  Bee : Apiary
  • cattle : Shed
  • Lion : Den
  • Poultry  : Farm
  • Horse : Stable 
  • Bird : Aviary
  • Fish : Aquarium
  • monk : Monastery

8.study and Topic:

Ex. ornithology : Bird   [Ornithology is study of bird ]

other examples:

  •  seismology : Earthquakes 
  • Zoology : Animals
  • Entomology : Insects 
  • Ontology : Reality 
  • Oology : Eggs
  • Virology : virus
  • occultism : Supernatural 

9.Worker and Tools:

Ex. Blacksmith : Anvil [Anvil is tool used by black smith ]

other examples:

  •  Chef : Knife 
  • Doctor : Stethoscope 
  • Farmer : Plough
  • Tailor : Needle 
  • Woodcutter : Axe 
  • Author : Pen 
  • Soldier : Gun
  • Gardener : Harrow

10.Tools and action :

Ex. Needle : Sew  [A needle is used to sewing ]

other examples:

  •  Knife : cut 
  • Gun : shoot 
  •  Pen : Write 
  • Spoon : Feed 
  • Shield : Guard 
  • Spoon : Feed

11.worker and wworking place :

Ex. Chef : Kitchen  [A Chef Work in Kitchen ]

other examples:

  •  Farmer : Field 
  • Warrior : Battlefield
  • Servant : House
  • Sailor : Ship

12.Worker and Product:

Ex. mason  : wall  [A Chef Work in Kitchen ]

other examples:

  • Farmer : Field 
  • Warrior : Battlefield
  • Servant : House

13. Product and Raw Material:

Ex. Prism : Glass [prism of made of Glass ]

other examples:

  • Wall : Bricks 
  • Furniture : Wood 
  • Shoes : Leather 
  • Pullover : Wool
  • Metal : Ore 
  • Cloth : Fiber
  • Road : Asphalt
  • Book : Paper
  • Sack : Jute
  • Omelette : Egg

14. Part and Whole Relationship:

Ex. Pen  : Nib[Nib Is part of pen]

other examples:

  • Pencil : Lead 
  • House : Kitchen 
  • Fan : Blade 
  • Class : Student
  • Room : Window 
  • Aeroplane  : Cockpit
  • Book : Chapter

15. Word and intensity :

Ex. Anger  : Range [range is higher intensity than anger]

other examples:

  • wish : Desire 
  • Famous : Renowned
  • unhappy : Sad
  • kindle : Burn
  • sink : Drown
  • crime : sin
  • moist : drench

16. Word Synonym :

Ex. Abode : Dwelling [Abode mean almo the same as Dwelling]

other examples:

  • Blend : Mix 
  • Ban : Prohibition
  • vacant : Empty 
  • Abduct : Kidnap
  •  Flaw : Defect 
  • Solicit : request
  • Fierce : Violent 

17 Word and Antonym:

Ex. Attack : Defend [Defend Mean Opposite of Attack]

other examples:

  • Advance : Retreat 
  • Sink : Float
  • Cruel : Kind 
  • Robust : Weak 
  • Best : Worst
  • Fresh : Stale 
  • ignore : Notice 
  • Deep : Shallow 
  • Cordial : Hostile 
  • Mourn : Rejoice 
  • Lend : Borrow